Gettysburg National Military Park
Gettysburg, Pennsylvania

The Battle of Gettysburg was fought July 1 to July 3, 1863, in and around the borough of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. Statistics seem to vary but it is estimated that there were 51,000 casualties. It is considered to be the bloodiest battle in the Civil War.

In July 2010, my friend Evelyn and I visited the Park. The Gettysburg Foundation constructed the new Visitors' Center.

Betty and Evelyn at Gettysburg Visitor Center Lincoln statue at Visitors Center Tablet of Gettysburg Address Tablet of Gettysburg Address

They have a nice Cyclorama display as well as a museum in the center.

Cyclorama painting Cyclorama painting Cyclorama painting Cyclorama painting Civil War rifles and guns Uniform in museum

After the battle, contracts were made to bury men and animals, and most were buried near where they fell. A week after the battle, the Pennsylvania governor authorized the purchase of 17 acres for the burial of the Union dead. Lincoln gave the now famous Gettysburg Address at the dedication of the Soldiers' National Cemetery on November 19, 1863.

Decriptive plaque at Soldiers' National Cemetery Soldiers' National Cemetery Soldiers' National Cemetery Soldiers' National Cemetery

The cemetery was completed in March 1864. An additional 600 acres were purchased to preserve the land as a monument to the fallen. In April 1864, the Gettysburg Battlefield Memorial Association was formed. Control of the site was given to the U.S. War Department in 1872.

Engraving at Eternal Light Memorial Eternal Light Peace Memorial Eternal Light Peace Memorial Cannon near Eternal Light Memorial

Seven years after the battle, from 1870 to 1873, the bodies of 3,393 Confederate dead were removed from the field burial plots. The bodies were sent to cemeteries in Richmond, Raleigh, Savannah, and Charleston as well as home cemeteries.

Plaque by Virginia Memorial  Virginia Memorial Virginia Memorial Virginia Memorial

The Gettysburg National Military Park was established in 1895. There were then over 800 acres and 300 monuments in the Park.

Memorial at Little Round Top Statue at Little Round Top Memorial at Little Round Top

In 1933, control of the Park was given to the National Park Service of the U.S. Department of the Interior. There are now more then 1,400 monuments and markers in the Park.

Pennsylvania Memorial Statue at Pennsylvania Memorial Monument at Soldiers' National Cemetery Pennsylvania Memorial


The song is Battle Hymn of the Republic by Julia Ward Howe.